The tug-of-war between farmers and miners on land use need not continue if the mining companies restored already destroyed land to productive use (“Mining destruction of arable land puts food security at risk (https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/opinion/2019-10-10-miners-destruction-of-arable-land-puts-food-security-at-risk/)”, October 11).

The sciences of restoration ecology and land rehabilitation have some of the answers as they are devoted to “returning damaged ecosystems to a condition that is structurally and functionally similar to the predisturbance state”. Mine rehabilitation usually only starts when the mining operation finishes and includes several drawn-out procedures.

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