In the new scramble for Africa’s resources, which this time round is about what are called “critical minerals”, there is considerable debate on how best to leverage demand for the benefit of the continent’s citizens and avoid the mistakes of the past.

Africa’s mineral riches have by and large not resulted in any great leap in sustainable, inclusive economic development that has swept countries up the curve of socioeconomic advancement, with SA being an exception in using its gold and mineral wealth to build one of Africa’s most sophisticated economies...

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