The heritage from the Mapungubwe Empire 800 years ago shows how long mining innovation has been flowing through SA’s veins. While we celebrate our heritage, minerals are necessary to build a future of which future generations can likewise be proud.

All 39 elements in technologies for a low-carbon economy such as solar panels, wind turbines and electric vehicles are mined or are by-products of mining. A total 28 of the 29 elements used in mobile phones need mining and 14 of these elements have a recycle rate of less than 1%, making mining essential. Yet it is imperative that we transition to a socially just world in which we keep within ecological limits: we need to think innovatively about the way we mine...

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