FILE PHOTO: A self-driving Volvo electric truck with no cab called Vera is seen during a presentation in Berlin, Germany, September 12, 2018. REUTERS / EMMA THOMASSON
FILE PHOTO: A self-driving Volvo electric truck with no cab called Vera is seen during a presentation in Berlin, Germany, September 12, 2018. REUTERS / EMMA THOMASSON

Stockholm — A Volvo Cars joint venture has won approval to begin hands-free testing of its software for self-driving cars on Swedish highways, partner Veoneer said on Monday.

Veoneer said the Zenuity joint venture’s software for level four autonomous driving — the second-highest level — would be tested in a Volvo car by trained drivers with their hands off the steering wheel at a maximum speed of 80km/h.

The venture is striving to keep up with larger rivals in the race to develop self-driving vehicles.

US companies are leading the pack, with Google’s Waymo in 2018 winning the first approval to test cars without safety drivers on Californian public roads.

General Motors’s Cruise has said it is ready to deploy a self-driving car with no manual controls, while Germany’s BMW and Audi have also secured licences to test their vehicles.

Securing permission has got tougher after a deadly accident involving a self-driving car Uber was testing using its own software in a Volvo vehicle. Uber last month resumed limited testing on public roads.

Zenuity has been running tests in Sweden, after Volvo in 2018 won permission to test cars with self-driving features but with the requirement that drivers keep at least one hand on the wheel at all times and cars do not exceed 60km/h.

Veoneer chief technology officer Nishant Batra said on Monday the approval to do real-life tests was “essential for gathering important data and test functions”.

“It is a strong proof-point for the progress of Zenuity’s self-driving capabilities,” he said.

Veoneer spokesperson Thomas Jonsson said it is too early to say when Zenuity could potentially test without a safety driver.

Zenuity, formed by Volvo and Veoneer in 2017, is expected to have its first driver-assistance products available for sale by 2019 with autonomous driving technologies following shortly thereafter. Volvo will be a customer.

The Swedish carmaker, owned by China’s Geely, has its own goals of delivering self-driving cars sometime after 2021 and deriving a third of its sales from fully autonomous cars by 2025.

In 2018 it formed a venture with Baidu to use the Chinese company’s autonomous driving software Apollo to develop a level four car.

A top level five vehicle will be able to navigate roads without any driver input in all conditions.

Reuters