Caroline Edwards’ fallacious argument (Stop blaming the whites, March 23) needs to be rejected as arrogant, barely disguised racism and bravado from somebody who has no sense of history. She refers to apartheid as a shocking period, yet skips the 300 years of colonialism, slavery and segregation that preceded it. Yes, our government, if we even have one, is tragically inept, but the systemic character of the problems left for blacks by whites renders them almost insoluble. Besides a few mission schools, education under white rule was shocking too. A direct consequence of the 1913 Land Act was people being made homeless overnight, forcing them underground into mines, breaking up families to kick-start the modern economy under English nationalism, which brought the first industrial infrastructure. When people migrated to towns, there was job reservation for whites. Black people were to work in gardens, kitchens and to serve, not be educated. Skills shortages are a direct result of whi...

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