The state’s spending for the 2019/2020 financial year — outlined in the Appropriation Act gazetted this week ( — paints a clear picture of the government’s priorities.

The debate on land expropriation has dominated headlines since President Cyril Ramaphosa emerged victorious at the ANC’s national conference in December 2017. However, the rural development department has only been allocated 1.35% of the overall spend, with roughly R6.5bn set aside for restitution and land reform.

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