This is what SA Inc says Cyril Ramaphosa should do to help SA’s economy
SA's top business leaders talk Eskom, state capture, telecoms and foreign direct investment, to name a few
SA business leaders are in harmony on what the country needs after this week’s elections.
Reinvigorating the economy leads the agenda on what Cyril Ramaphosa, the favourite to retain the presidency, must tackle once taking office. To get there, he will have to prosecute those accused of plundering the government, fix state-owned companies and cut debt, among others.
Here’s a suggested to-do list by top CEOs, business lobby groups and economists on what could get growth going:
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FirstRand CEO Alan Pullinger: The head of Africa’s largest bank by market value sees the main priorities as turning around Eskom and following up on a probe by deputy chief justice Raymond Zondo into the looting of state funds by outside interests.
“The key developments FirstRand would like to see after the election is firstly the establishment of a reform-minded cabinet that will assist the president in urgently tackling the many structural challenges facing the country, the most important of which is the restructuring of Eskom.
“In addition, and vital to restoring domestic- and foreign-investor confidence, is that the Zondo commission leads to the prosecution of major participants in state capture. This will send an important signal that the new ruling party leadership and government will not tolerate corrupt activities.”
Vodacom CEO Shameel Joosub: SA’s biggest cellphone operator is calling on the new administration to release high-demand wireless spectrum.
“A quick win for the presidency in terms of helping restore investor confidence in SA and the growth of the economy is to prioritise its policy direction for the telecommunications industry. There is a direct correlation between lower data prices and GDP growth.
“The most significant obstacle to reducing input costs and, by extension, data prices is the fact that no new spectrum has been allocated in SA in the last 14 years,” which has “curbed the pace at which data prices could’ve fallen”.
Exxaro Resources CEO Mxolisi Mgojo: The biggest coal supplier to Eskom is hoping for continued efforts and co-operation in clarifying mining policy and resolving issues related to the Mining Charter.
“In addition, a determined implementation of plans to resolve the challenges at Eskom will instill confidence in the economy and investment in the mining industry, which remains critical to further industrialisation of the SA economy and will encourage broad investment and technology development, creating extensive employment opportunities.”
Aspen Pharmacare chair Kuseni Dlamini: The chair of Africa’s largest drug maker, who also heads the board of retailer Massmart, sees growth as “the goose that lays the golden egg”. He has also headed the SA units of insurer Old Mutual and miner Anglo American.
“Economies at higher growth rates tend to attract and retain massive inflows of foreign direct investment. It is only through growth that as a country we can push back against the high levels of unemployment, poverty and inequality.
“We need to make sure that we create an enabling environment that encourages companies in different sectors to become global leaders. This requires the right nexus between policy, regulation, business and labour.”
Investec founder Stephen Koseff: One of the founding chiefs of the private bank and money manager spanning SA, the UK, US and Australia sees the finances of state-owned companies as a key priority.
“Operationally, they have issues; financially, they have a very weak structure,” and the government must act on plans to split Eskom into generation, transmission and distribution as well as open the grid to private producers.
“The issue of state capture needs to be dealt with. There are so many areas of abuse in our society that have been left unchallenged. All this stuff needs to start happening and we’re seeing some momentum. But it will take a long time to get us back on our feet. The last 10 years really cost us a lot.”
Alexander Forbes CEO Dawie de Villiers: The head of the provider of retirement administration services echoes the call from business organisations for regulatory certainty and consistency.
“The fast implementation of policies that have been set out will help in building confidence and therefore stimulate economic growth and reduce unemployment, especially if combined with improving access and quality of educational outcomes.”
Business Leadership SA CEO Bonang Mohale: The head of the lobby group and a former chair for Royal Dutch Shell’s SA unit wants a focus on raising up more black managers to better represent the country’s demographics.
“Number one is to root out and defeat state capture. Number two is to drive transformation aggressively. Number three is to ensure that we retain the few jobs that we have in order to create more jobs. Lastly, it’s about economic growth.
“What are ratings agencies looking for? Economic, fiscal and institutional strength; stability and continuance. In the government’s locus of control is to reduce government debt. They can do this by reducing the size of the cabinet, which will cut the size of the overall government. It can also reduce by a third the 700-odd state-owned enterprises. Eskom has 48,000 employees. It used to have only 32,000 employees — that’s the easiest.”
Business Unity SA CEO Tanya Cohen: The representative organisation is looking for an administration more focused and aligned across departments.
“We would like to see clear progress on social and economic policies such as energy, health, land reform and visas, within a policy framework that is conducive and enabling for small businesses to enter the market and thrive.”
African Rainbow Capital co-CEO Johan van der Merwe: The head of billionaire Patrice Motsepe investment-holding firm and former CEO of the asset-management unit of Africa’s biggest insurer Sanlam is looking for a more entrepreneurial drive.
“We require more black-owned businesses — both large ones as well as small-to medium-sized enterprises. Broad-based black-economic empowerment should continue to be the preferred mechanism for transferring wealth to black people.”
Cutting the government’s wage bill and fixing state entities will free up cash for infrastructure, which will create jobs and stimulate the economy. Foreign investors need policy clarity and certainty that they “would enjoy property rights protection” and make market-related returns.
Seifsa chief economist Michael Ade: The Steel and Engineering Industries Federation of Southern Africa wants the president to keep ratings companies onside to reduce borrowing costs.
“Policy should be implemented swiftly, monitored and evaluated so that there is a stable increment in confidence.”
With Prinesha Naidoo.