Zimbabwe has earned $2.2bn from its mining sector, which has remained vibrant despite the county’s economic challenges. Zimbabwe is richly endowed with a large trove of minerals but has failed to reap maximum benefits from the sector, due to bad management and lack of capital to fund operations. Mining accounts for more than two-thirds of Zimbabwe’s export earnings but the sector has seen some mines close, including the SA-owned Metallon Group, due to a US dollar shortage. The top six minerals that have contributed the bulk of export earnings are gold, platinum, diamonds, chrome, coal and nickel. Speaking at the Chamber of Mines mining sector performance briefing in Harare on Monday, Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor John Mangudya said mining had overtaken agriculture as the anchor of the country’s economy. “The mining sector accounts for about 65%-70% of exports in this country. As a country we have raked in about $3bn in export earnings since the start of the year. As at end of Oc...

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