At an African Leadership Forum meeting in Dar es Salaam hosted by former Tanzanian president Benjamin Mkapa, former president Thabo Mbeki and former Somalian president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud were joined by about 30 civil society activists to discuss how to overcome obstacles to achieving peace in Africa. It was noted that Africa is in urgent need of "silencing the guns", as six major conflicts continue to rage in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Mali, Darfur and Somalia. In the Great Lakes region, 11-million people have been displaced, while more than 3-million people have died in the two-decade Congolese conflict.The African Standby Force, promised since 2010, remains a pipe dream as actors such as the US and France establish a meddling military presence from the Sahel to Somalia. Africa’s potential Gullivers — Nigeria, SA, Algeria, Ethiopia and the DRC — continue to suffer from internal security and governance issues that prevent them from pl...

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