Pandemic could be the final straw for ailing small businesses
Amid the Covid-19 outbreak the government should follow global trends and support small, medium and microenterprises
In recent years the health of SA’s small, medium and microenterprises (SMMEs) has been severely compromised by our dire economy, with many small businesses across the country fighting for our lives.
With the sudden spread of Covid-19, the situation has become even more desperate, as the pandemic threatens not only the health of the global population but also the immunity and survival of SMMEs that are already in intensive care.
During this time of crisis and uncertainty for everyone SMMEs are in a state of emergency, as many businesses are suffering the blow of Covid-19 without the types of financial relief and interventions we desperately need from the already struggling public and private sectors.
As two active citizens and small businesses owners we were stunned to discover while conducting research for a previous article that 70% of SMMEs in SA fail within the first two years, and that the few enterprises that do survive struggle to stay afloat as they continuously grapple with inadequate public policy, inefficient support from enterprise & supplier development (ESD) programmes, and more critically the country’s debilitating electricity supply crisis.
With the threat of Covid-19 now on the rise, many SMMEs that were already adversely affected by the grim state of affairs are acing an increased probability of having to close their doors as the country’s health and economic conditions take a turn for the worse. While many global institutions have made proactive and visible attempts to offer SMMEs practical support at this time, too few SA organisations to date have provided the necessary leadership, information, communication and action plans required to help SMMEs navigate Covid-19.
To assist the government and big business in formulating potential solutions to provide relief to the country’s small business ecosystem, we reached out to and interviewed business leaders in countries that have already announced drastic measures to save their SMME sectors.
The first global trend we identified is national and municipal governments offering low-interest loans and cash grants for small businesses in distress. The Development Bank of Canada and Export Development Canada are offering loans of up to C$100,000 to SMMEs affected by the pandemic, on condition that they have been generating revenue for at least two years.
The US Small Business Administration has announced low-interest loans of up to $2m for SMMEs that have lost revenue due to the pandemic.
New York City is offering zero-interest loans of up to $75,000 to SMMEs with fewer than 100 employees and cash grants of up to the equivalent of 40% of two months’ payroll for businesses with fewer than five employees. In partnership with the Northeast Community Federal Credit Union, San Francisco is offering cash grants of up to $10,000 to businesses with fewer than five employees that have lost at least 25% revenue.
In Asia, Hong Kong is offering low-interest loans of up to 2-million Hong Kong dollars (R4.45m), with a repayment moratorium for the first two months and Malaysia’s SME Bank’s Special Relief Fund is offering up to 1-million ringgit (R3.8m) in working capital, with no collateral required and a repayment period of five and a half years.
The second global trend we have identified is big business easing credit, repayment terms and fees for small business, as well as creating their own relief funds. Examples of this include Citi, which has waived fees on monthly service fees, remote deposit capture and penalties for early CD withdrawal; Malaysia’s Maybank offering collateral-free financing for up to 1-million ringgit; and Canada’s six largest banks offering six-month payment deferrals on bonds and relief on other credit products.
Though relief for small business is government-led, tech giants such as Amazon have launched a $5m Neighbourhood Small Relief Fund for businesses near its Seattle offices with fewer than 50 employees and severely reduced foot traffic; and Facebook announced $100m cash grants and ad credits for up to 30,000 SMMEs hit by Covid-19 in 30 countries.
At the time of writing we had yet to receive communication from local banks on the specific relief they are providing to small business clients, suppliers or enterprise supplier development beneficiaries.
The third global trend we have identified is constant, publicly accessible virtual communication, to alleviate small business owners’ spiralling anxiety. Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada conducts frequent conference calls, open to the wider business community, on which it provides updates on Covid-19 and fields questions from listeners.
Public Works and Government Services Canada has established a “buy & sell” website where businesses can register to supply products and services in support of Canada’s response to Covid-19.
We recently listened in on one of the calls organised by the Council of Canadian Innovators, the business council composed of CEOs from Canada’s fastest growing technology companies. The speakers on that call included representatives from government and private sector executives.
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In addition, the council has created a Slack channel open to the public, where its community shares resources on Covid-19; Facebook has launched educational resources for SMMEs during this unprecedented time, including a business resource hub and virtual training and materials.
At the time of writing the website of the SA government’s department of small business development was not working.
Based on our conversations with business leaders and organisations overseas, our immediate recommendations for the SA government and big business are:
- A government-led relief fund for SMMEs should be established, to be administered by the private sector.
- Banks should immediately provide low-interest loans, institute overly generous moratoriums on repayment, and temporarily waive monthly fees.
- Big businesses should use their internal expertise to launch webinars and online resources to guide SMMEs now on life support.
- The department of small business development and large business associations should conduct frequent virtual town hall meetings and live online communication channels with SMMEs.
- The government and big business should launch a public campaign encouraging citizens to continue to support local businesses, and provide ideas on how to continue procuring from SMMEs from the confines of one’s home.
This crisis presents a golden opportunity to finally institute real policy reforms and practical interventions that make it less burdensome for entrepreneurs, whose businesses will have either closed down or barely survived during the Covid-19 pandemic, to relaunch and prosper.
• Brotman is founder and CEO of En-novate and MacChambers is founder and CEO of Kula