SMOKING AND VAPING
Global smokers’ study criticised as biased
Scientists and tobacco control advocates have criticised a global study released on Monday by the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, which said South African smokers were less likely to have tried to quit than people from any other country bar Lebanon and were far less wary of e-cigarettes and vaping than smokers in other nations.
The foundation has courted controversy since its launch last year, as it is funded by Philip Morris International (PMI), the maker of Marlboro cigarettes and smoke-free nicotine products such as iQOS.
"They’ve added nothing to science. This is all about [gauging] the market for alternative risk-reduction products and [providing] market research for PMI," said Lekan Ayo-Yusuf, director of the Africa Centre for Tobacco Industry Monitoring and Policy Research at Sefako Makgatho University.
We don’t need a Philip Morris-funded survey to tell us why people smoke. Smoking is a worldwide health crisis created by tobacco companies — period
The 2018 State of Smoking Survey was conducted by Kantar Public to "better understand smokers, their experiences and challenges they face when trying to quit smoking", according to the foundation. "The data will shape the development of research to determine the best solutions to accelerate the end of smoking across diverse cultures and economic conditions."
But international tobacco control advocates said the research was a ploy to help PMI keep people dependent on tobacco products.
"We don’t need a Philip Morris-funded survey to tell us why people smoke. Smoking is a worldwide health crisis created by tobacco companies — period. Corporations like Philip Morris International created and continue to drive the smoking epidemic by targeting children as customers, using slick and deceptive marketing to sell lethal tobacco products and lobbying and litigating to block solutions that are proven to reduce smoking rates," said the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and Vital Strategies in a joint statement.
The survey included 17,421 people in 13 countries. In SA, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1,200 participants. Only 36% of the South African smokers said they had tried to quit, the second-lowest rate among all the countries surveyed except Lebanon. And only 41% of South African smokers said they planned to stop, the third-lowest rate after Greece and Lebanon. One in five South African smokers did not think smoking was harmful.
Only 38% of South African participants said e-cigarettes and vaping could be harmful, the lowest rate among the 13 countries surveyed. By contrast, 83% of Greek and 78% of US participants considered them harmful.
In response to the criticism that the research was a marketing ploy, President of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, Derek Yach said:
“The survey was conducted by Kantar Public, an integrated consulting and research agency, an agency that also does … many major national smoking and health surveys. There needs to be a new urgency to engage smokers to develop truly effective cessation and safe harm reduction products priced for developing countries.”
“SA has made progress in raising taxes and regulating sales to kids. This has slowed and reduced smoking. Now a serious push is needed to support smokers to quit or reduce their risks,” he said.
Yach emphasised that the survey results indicated 50% of smokers believe nicotine causes cancer and that e-cigarettes s are as dangerous or more dangerous then cigarettes. “Science suggests nicotine does not cause cancer and that e-cigarettes lower risks by 95%+ compared to combustible cigarettes,” he said.