Organised crime with links to the illegal harvesting, processing and trading of fish and seafood globally, is so huge that it is in effect a parallel economic system that is undermining sustainable economic growth.

“Countries are being deprived of taxes; citizens of jobs, food and income; and fisheries and environments are being destroyed. Africa is particularly vulnerable and loses more than $20bn per year. This is a battle we have to win,” says Hennie van As, public law professor at Nelson Mandela University, an admitted advocate and founder and head of FishFORCE, SA’s first Fisheries Law Enforcement Academy...

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