Global markets in buoyant mood after Fed decision
Relieved investors welcome US central bank’s signals that rate hikes of more than 50 basis points are unlikely for now
London — Global equity markets were still on the charge on Thursday on relief that the biggest hike in US interest rates in more than two decades hadn't been even sharper.
London, Paris and Frankfurt were up between 1.3% and 2% in early European trading amid collective cheers at Wednesday’s 50 basis-point Federal Reserve rate hike and its accompanying signals that 75 bps moves were now unlikely.
It kept European government bond yields largely in check ahead of what is expected to be the Bank of England’s fourth hike since December, while oil steadied after the EU’s plan to ban Russian oil imports had triggered a near 5% spike.
“The fact [Fed Chair Jerome] Powell removed the 75 basis-point hike from the table, I think that is what the markets are reacting too, it is a bit of a relief rally,” said Karim Chedid, BlackRock’s EMEA head of investment strategy for its iShares unit.
“Inflation data is all important now and if it flattens off as the Fed is expecting then the markets will be OK with that.”
In currency markets, the dollar was gradually regaining its footing after the Fed’s move had caused its biggest drop in nearly two months. It is up more than 7% so far this year, on track for its biggest annual gains since 2015.
It meant sterling was being shuffled back to $1.2548 ahead of the BoE where traders have fully priced a 25 basis-point rate hike later. The euro was back at $1.05.
The main action was centred on the equity markets, though.
Wall Street bulls had seen the Dow Jones Industrial Average jump 2.8%, the S&P 500 gain 3% and Nasdaq finish 3.1% higher and futures prices pointed to little retreat expected later.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan had risen 0.8% earlier, though trading had been thin with both Japanese and Korean markets closed for public holidays.
Marcella Chow, Hong Kong-based global market strategist at J.P. Morgan Asset Management, said the Federal Reserve’s rate rise was in line with expectations, hence removing some investor concerns about a more aggressive move.
The half a percentage point rate increase was the biggest jump in 22 years. Powell said policymakers were ready to approve similar-sized rate hikes at coming policy meetings in June and July.
Crucially for many investors, though, he also said it was not “actively considering” a 75 basis-point rate hike, tempering fears something of that magnitude could be on the cards with inflation now running so hot.
“Given the Asian market has more certainty right now, I think this will probably also cause the market to rally a bit as well,” Chow said.
China’s shares had also recovered ground in their session, gaining 0.25% as mainland markets resumed trade after a three-day holiday.
Investors also cheered a pledge by China’s central bank for more monetary policy support to help businesses badly hit by the latest Covid-19 outbreak.
J.P. Morgan’s Chow expects the market to make further gains with other senior Chinese officials also pledging support.
Gold was up 1% at $1,901.50 an ounce after rising to its highest since April 29 in Asia.
US crude futures gained 0.3% to $108.21 a barrel and Brent steadied at $110.25. Both benchmarks rose more than $5 a barrel on Wednesday.
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