There is probably nobody left in SA who argues that state institutions are working well. But why they are working badly is a more contentious question. Here’s an answer that is not so popular, mainly because it is inconvenient, but it is no less true for that.

Twenty-three years ago, Thabo Mbeki complained that SA was a country of two nations, one relatively prosperous, the other black and poor. How best to go about measuring whether he was right? ..

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