Oil rises, despite US-China tensions, due to supply factors
London — Oil prices rose on Friday, even as the start of US President Donald Trump’s tariff hike on $200bn of Chinese goods kept tensions high in the trade dispute between the world’s two biggest economies.
Brent crude oil was up 67c at $71.06 a barrel by 11.45am GMT, having touched a peak of $71.23. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were up 35c at $62.05, having earlier hit $62.49. Both contracts were on track for small weekly gains.
The US escalated its tariff war with China on Friday by increasing levies to 25% for $200bn worth of Chinese goods, but negotiations were set to continue on Friday.
US President Donald Trump issued orders for the tariff increase, saying China “broke the deal” by reneging on previous commitments. He also said he would start the “paperwork” on Friday for 25% duties on a further $325bn of Chinese imports.
Prices were supported by tighter supply amid continuing production cuts by oil cartel Opec and US sanctions on Iran and Venezuela.
Growing trade between the world’s two largest oil consumers could affect oil demand. The two countries together accounted for 34% of global oil consumption in the first quarter of 2019, data from the International Energy Agency (EIA) shows.
While trade-war concerns have weighed on prices this week, “the spreads clearly point towards a tight market”, ING bank said.
The July Brent crude contract was trading at nearly $1 a barrel above the August contract in a market structure known as backwardation.
The US re-imposed sanctions on Iran in November after pulling out of a 2015 nuclear accord between Tehran and six world powers last year, though it allowed Tehran’s biggest buyers to continuing purchasing oil via waivers for another six months.
Those exemptions ended at the beginning of May, with Washington seeking to cut Iran’s oil exports to zero.
Meanwhile, efforts by Opec to crimp supply to reduce global inventories have also supported prices.
Markets have been buoyed further by expectations that oil demand will rise in 2019. The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects global appetite for oil to rise by 1.4-million barrels per day this year.