Calls for stricter rules on self-driving cars in the US
Washington — US labour unions and a consumer safety advocate have urged the Biden administration to add more safeguards to ensure autonomous vehicles are safe before being deployed in wide numbers on US roads.
Legislators at a US House transportation and infrastructure subcommittee hearing raised concerns about self-driving vehicles but also said the technology could help prevent tens of thousands of road deaths.
“We need to know what’s happening on our roads, and the way to accomplish safety is through regulation,” said Cathy Chase, president of Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, in arguing for minimum performance standards.
Ariel Wolf, general counsel for industry group the Autonomous Vehicle Industry Association (AVIA), told legislators “autonomous vehicles are not only safe but they are making our roads safer. There is a crisis on our roadways.” The AVIA represents Ford Motor, Alphabet’s Waymo, General Motor’s self-driving Cruise unit and others.
Traffic deaths in the first nine months of 2021 were the highest since 2006, US regulators said on Tuesday.
Legislation to speed the deployment of self-driving vehicles and ease hurdles has been stalled for years and shows no sign of moving. US safety regulators are also investigating a number of crashes involving Tesla’s driver assistance system, Autopilot. Tesla has said its systems are safe.
Under pressure from regulators, Tesla on Tuesday agreed to disable a feature from its “full self-driving” (Beta) feature that allowed vehicles to (illegally) drive through a stop sign without coming to a complete stop, at low speeds. Representative Hank Johnson criticised Tesla’s feature at Wednesday’s hearing.
Doug Bloch, an official for the Teamsters union, told the committee that “all workers deserve to know that an autonomous vehicle or bot travelling next to them is safe enough to share the same road or worksite”.
John Samuelsen, who heads the Transport Workers Union of America, told legislators the US must “establish and enforce vigorous safety standards” on autonomous vehicles.
“AV [autonomous vehicle] technologies that haven’t been properly evaluated and scrutinised by independent federal safety regulators, technologies that attempt to cut corners to address their own limitations, and technologies that are intentionally designed to displace workers should all be suspect,” Samuelsen added.
There are more than 1,400 automated vehicles in testing by more than 80 companies across 36 states, said US representative Peter DeFazio, who chairs the full committee.
“In order to reap the safety benefits of AVs, regulators must do their part to hold industry accountable in this process and ensure that AVs deliver on their promise of safer roads,” DeFazio said.
“We know what can happen when regulators let industry go unchecked … We cannot cut corners in the name of expediency or convenience.” Many legislators raised questions about whether self-driving vehicles could imperil jobs.
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