London — South African Airways (SAA) is offering surplus pilots and cabin crew to major global carriers as part of a bid to cut costs and secure alliances in its three-year turnaround plan.

SAA needs less staff of its own as it scraps under-performing routes, and views the experienced personnel as a path to discussions with potential partners, CEO Vuyani Jarana said in an interview.

"The hiring airline gets ready-made skills and we benefit from a reduction in overheads without people losing jobs," he said. "We’ve got things they need, but also, if they’re able to come through for us, then it’s a win-win."

Talks have been held with Kenya Airways and Gulf giant Emirates, among others.

Jarana is looking to halt seven straight years of losses, after being appointed SAA’s eighth CEO in as many years. Measures announced so far include cutting the services from the carrier’s Johannesburg base to London by half, and reducing capacity or eliminating destinations within Africa. He wouldn’t say how many pilots and flights attendants might lose their jobs or be available for transfer.

Staff could take up temporary or permanent contracts elsewhere and return if and when SAA resumes growth, according to Jarana, who said it would be "great" if transfers alone could shrink the company to the right size. Outright firings stand to be costly and damaging for a state company in a country with 27% unemployment.

Jarana said SAA has explored pilot transfers to Emirates and Turkish Airlines, two carriers that have put African operators under the most pressure by diverting lucrative long-haul traffic to the continent through their own hubs. Closer to home, the company has also held talks with Air Mauritius and Kenya Air, whose CEO said last month he’s open to a broader pact with SAA.

"The point is that we’re talking to everybody about collaboration," Jarana said. Options range from interline ticketing arrangements through reciprocal sales via code-shares to fully-fledged joint ventures. Ethiopian Airlines Enterprise, Africa’s biggest carrier, could also be a candidate for co-operation. There have been no talks with European discounter Ryanair, which has held recruitment drives in Cape Town, Jarana said.

One goal of creating partnerships would be partly to tap markets SAA doesn’t serve, he said, adding that further cuts to the route network and fleet will hinge on a review to be completed by the third quarter.

The reduction in London services stemmed partly from the Heathrow airport’s role as a hub for the Oneworld Alliance, which SAA is unable to tap as it is a member of the rival Star Alliance, Jarana said, adding that switching allegiance isn’t the answer as Star delivers valuable links in other markets.

Jarana declined to comment on the possibility of SAA taking over its Mango low-cost affiliate and rival state-owned operator SA Express, which was grounded on May 24, saying the issue is not in the company’s hands at the moment.