Northern Ireland loyalist withdraw from 1998 peace deal
In a letter citing Brexit as their reason, groups pledge ‘peaceful and democratic’ opposition to the deal
London/Belfast — Northern Irish loyalist paramilitary groups have told British Prime Minister Boris Johnson they are temporarily withdrawing support for the 1998 peace agreement due to concerns over the post-Brexit deal.
While the groups pledged “peaceful and democratic” opposition to the deal, such a stark warning increases the pressure on Johnson, his Irish counterpart Micheál Martin and the EU over Brexit.
Northern Ireland’s 1998 peace deal, known as the Belfast or Good Friday Agreement, ended three decades of violence between mostly Catholic nationalists fighting for a united Ireland and mostly Protestant unionists, or loyalists, who want Northern Ireland to stay part of the UK.
The loyalist paramilitaries including the Ulster Volunteer Force, Ulster Defence Association and Red Hand Commando said they were concerned about the disruption to trade between Britain and Northern Ireland due to the Brexit deal.
“The loyalist groupings are herewith withdrawing their support for the Belfast Agreement,” they said in a March 3 letter to Johnson from Loyalist Communities Council chair David Campbell.
Reuters has seen a copy of the letter. A similar letter has been sent to the Irish leader and copies were sent to the European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic.
The paramilitary groups said they were determined that unionist opposition to the Northern Irish Protocol was peaceful but added a warning.
“Please do not underestimate the strength of feeling on this issue right across the unionist family,” the letter said.
“If you or the EU is not prepared to honour the entirety of the agreement then you will be responsible for the permanent destruction of the agreement,” it said.
They said they would not return to the deal until their rights were restored and the Northern Irish Protocol — part of the 2020 Brexit Treaty — was amended to ensure unfettered trade between Britain and Northern Ireland.
But, they said, their core disagreement was more fundamental: that Britain, Ireland and the EU had in the Northern Irish Protocol breached their commitments to the 1998 peace deal and the two communities.
Asked about the warning, Johnson's spokesperson said: “We are fully committed to the Belfast, Good Friday, agreement. We will continue to work to safeguard Northern Ireland's integral place in the UK.... We are determined to protect the agreement in all of its dimensions.”
Preserving the delicate peace in Northern Ireland without allowing the UK a back door into the EU’s markets through the 500km UK-Irish land border was one of the most difficult issues of the Brexit divorce talks.
The loyalist groups endorsed the 1998 deal and decommissioned their weapons in the years that followed. Residual violence since the accord has largely been carried out by dissident nationalist groups who opposed the peace deal.
Since Brexit proper on Jan. 1, 2021, Northern Ireland has had problems importing a range of goods from Britain — which unionists, or loyalists, say divides up the UK and so is unacceptable.
The EU promised legal action on Wednesday after the British government unilaterally extended a grace period for checks on food imports to Northern Ireland, a move Brussels said violated the terms of Britain's divorce deal.
Ireland said Britain was behaving inappropriately. Johnson's spokesperson said the government had notified the EU and Ireland earlier this week of the move, which he described as being “common in other international trade agreements”.
“For the second time in the course of a few months, the British government has threatened to breach international law,” Deputy Prime Minister Leo Varadkar told Virgin Media television, referring to a similar unilateral move 2020 that London eventually dropped.
“This is not the appropriate behaviour of a respectable country, quite frankly.”
US President Joe Biden, while campaigning in the presidential election 2020, bluntly warned Britain that it must honour the 1998 peace agreement as it withdrew from the EU or there would be no separate US trade deal.
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