Washington — New orders for key US-made capital goods rose more than expected in May and shipments increased solidly, suggesting some stabilising in business spending on equipment after a drop early in 2019.

Other data on Wednesday showed a surge in the goods trade deficit in May, leaving intact expectations that economic growth was slowing sharply in the second quarter after getting a temporary boost from a burst in exports and inventory accumulation in the first three months of the year.

Growing risks to the economy, especially related to trade tensions between the US and China, and low inflation prompted the Federal Reserve to last week signal interest rate cuts starting as early as July. The economy will mark 10 years of growth in July, the longest expansion period in its history.

The commerce department said orders for non-defence capital goods excluding aircraft, a closely watched proxy for business spending plans, increased 0.4% in May amid increases in demand for machinery, computers and other electronic products. These so-called core capital goods orders dropped by an unrevised 1.0% in April.

Economists polled by Reuters had forecast core capital goods orders edging up 0.1% in May. Core capital goods orders rose 2.3% on a year-on-year basis.

Shipments of core capital goods increased 0.7% in May after an upwardly revised 0.4% gain in the prior month. Core capital goods shipments are used to calculate equipment spending in the government’s GDP measurement.They were previously reported to have been unchanged in April.

Business spending on equipment contracted in the first quarter for the first time in three years. A bitter trade war between the US and China has dented business confidence, affecting investment.

Weak spending

Fed chair Jerome Powell last Wednesday acknowledged the weak business spending and said many policymakers “cited the investment picture and weaker business sentiment … as supporting their judgment that the risk of less favourable outcomes has risen”.

The US dollar held modest gains against a basket of currencies after the release of the data. US stock index futures were trading higher while prices of US Treasuries were lower.

The weak business spending is weighing on production at factories. Manufacturing, which accounts for about 12% of the economy, is also being undermined by an inventory overhang, especially in the automobile industry, which has resulted in fewer orders being placed with factories.

A slowing global economy and Boeing’s move to cut production of its troubled 737 MAX aircraft is also hurting manufacturing.

In May, orders for machinery rose 0.7%. Orders for computers and electronic products increased 0.8%. There was also an increase in orders for primary metals. Orders for electrical equipment, appliances and components fell 0.4%.

Overall orders for durable goods — items ranging from toasters to aircraft that are meant to last three years or more — dropped 1.3% in May after declining 2.8% in the prior month.

Orders for transportation equipment tumbled 4.6% after diving 7.6% in April. Motor vehicles and parts orders rebounded 0.6% in May. Orders for non-defence aircraft plunged 28.2%.

Boeing cuts

Boeing reported on its website that it had received no aircraft orders in May after getting orders for four planes in April. Boeing’s fastest-selling MAX 737 jetliner was grounded in March following two fatal plane crashes in five months. It has cut back production and suspended deliveries of the aircraft.

Overall durable goods shipments rose 0.4% and inventories increased 0.5% in May. Unfilled durable goods orders fell 0.5%, the most since June 2016, pointing to continued weakness in manufacturing in the months ahead. Regional manufacturing surveys have also weakened in June.

In another report on Wednesday, the commerce department said the goods trade deficit widened 5.1% to $74.5bn in May as an increase in imports offset a rise in exports. Imports of goods increased $7.8bn to $214.7bn. Exports of goods rose $4.1bn to $140.2bn in May.

The rising goods trade deficit will likely subtract from GDP growth in the second quarter.

The government also said inventories rose 0.4% in May and stocks at retailers gained 0.5%. Inventory investment is expected to be a drag on second-quarter GDP growth.

GDP growth estimates for the April-June period are ranging from a 1.5%-2.4% annualised rate. The economy grew at a 3.1% rate in the first quarter.