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Aamanuel Merhawi, aged one year and eight months, who suffers from severe acute malnutrition, is seen fitted with a nasogastric tube at Wukro hospital Tigray region, Ethiopia on July 11 2021. Picture: REUTERS/GIULIA PARAVICINI
Aamanuel Merhawi, aged one year and eight months, who suffers from severe acute malnutrition, is seen fitted with a nasogastric tube at Wukro hospital Tigray region, Ethiopia on July 11 2021. Picture: REUTERS/GIULIA PARAVICINI

Nairobi — Fifteen months of war have left nearly 40% of the people in Ethiopia’s Tigray region without enough food as aid groups struggle to reach cut-off areas, the World Food Programme (WFP) said on Friday.

Though the ability of aid workers to enter Tigray improved during the summer months and “kept starvation at bay” for people there, no aid convoy has reached Tigray since mid-December, the UN agency said in an assessment.

Many people were using extreme coping strategies like cutting the number of meals they eat daily, it said.

“A new food security assessment, released today by the UN WFP , shows that almost 40% of Tigrayans are suffering an extreme lack of food, after 15 months of conflict,” it said.

Tigray region has a population of about 5.5-million people.

The war broke out in November 2020 and pits the Ethiopian government and its allies against forces loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the political party that controls Tigray.

The conflict has killed thousands and displaced millions across three regions in Ethiopia and into neighbouring Sudan.

Government spokesperson Legesse Tulu did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the WFP assessment but on Monday he accused the TPLF of using “hunger as a political tool”.

The report comes as international concerns over humanitarian access to Tigray region mount again.

The Ethiopian government said last week that 43 trucks would deliver food and other aid to Tigray, but no trucks have arrived as fighting rages along the border between the Afar and Tigray regions. On Friday, the government said a convoy carrying food and medicine was forced to turn back due to fighting it blamed on the TPLF.

A doctor at the Ayder Referral Hospital in the Tigray regional capital Mekelle told Reuters that hospital staff have not been paid in eight months.

Some doctors and nurses have had their own children admitted to the hospital for malnutrition and some staff have resorted to begging for food, the doctor told Reuters on Thursday.

The UN Office for the co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said on Friday that all international aid groups operating in Tigray had run out of fuel and were delivering what aid they could on foot. The government spokesperson did not immediately respond to a request for comment on that report.

OCHA spokesperson Jens Laerke told reporters in Geneva that aid groups operating in Tigray had told the agency that if there is no change in conditions, “they will be unable to provide anything by the end of February”.

Reuters

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