UBS targets buybacks and job cuts
Cost of absorbing Credit Suisse led the wealth manager to post a net fourth-quarter loss of $279m
Zurich — UBS said on Tuesday it would restart share buybacks and find $3bn more in cost savings from integrating Credit Suisse, as the bank outlined the next phase of absorbing its fallen rival after underwhelming fourth-quarter results.
The Swiss bank now expects $13bn in cost savings by the end of 2026 — with half of it to come from slashing headcount, UBS finance chief Todd Tuckner said. UBS had previously set a goal of more than $10bn.
UBS’s shotgun takeover of Credit Suisse last March was the first merger of two global systemically important banks, and UBS has since managed to avoid any major ructions, with its share price jumping some 50%.
The bank declared the first phase of the integration complete on Tuesday, but there remains a long way to go, with trickier stages still to come, including thousands of job losses and the combining of different IT systems. UBS CEO Sergio Ermotti said progress over the next three years would not be “measured in a straight line”.
UBS shares were down 2.5% in morning trade, against a 0.8% rise in the Stoxx Europe 600 banks index.
The Swiss bank affirmed key financial targets and set new ones, including an ambition for its huge wealth management arm to boost invested assets to $5-trillion by 2028 from $3.85-trillion now.
Analysts gave its fourth-quarter results a lukewarm response, though they welcomed a proposed 27% increase in its 2023 dividend to 70 US cents a share and the restart of buybacks that will begin with up to $1bn in the second half of 2024.
European banks have been shelling out record sums to shareholders, making UBS, which suspended buybacks after the Credit Suisse deal, an outlier.
“While Q4 results disappointed on costs [revenues broadly in line], targeting higher gross savings out to 2026 should provide some comfort that costs can remain under control,” said RBC analyst Anke Reingen.
“We believe the update may underwhelm high expectations,” wrote Keefe, Bruyette & Woods analyst Thomas Hallett.
The cost of absorbing Credit Suisse led the world’s biggest wealth manager to post a net loss of $279m in the fourth quarter, slightly smaller than a company-compiled consensus estimate for a $285m loss.
The bank’s global wealth management arm saw net new money of $22bn in the fourth quarter, though a change in the metric UBS uses made it difficult to compare with the previous quarter.
“With enhanced scale and capabilities across our leading client franchises and improved resource discipline, we will drive sustainable long-term growth and higher returns,” Ermotti said in a statement.
The lender’s previous $6bn buyback programme from 2022 was initially slated to end in March 2024 but was put on hold following the Credit Suisse acquisition. “Our ambition is for share repurchases to exceed our pre-acquisition levels by 2026,” the bank said.
Investment bank loss
UBS’s investment bank reported a pretax loss of $169m but is expected to return to profitability in the first quarter “due to improving market activity, a growing banking pipeline and advanced progress on the integration”.
The bank also expects net interest income for personal and corporate banking and global wealth management to be roughly flat in the first quarter, which it said would help boost net profit in the period.
UBS still has to combine legal entities as it absorbs Credit Suisse. It is set to begin migrating Credit Suisse clients, with clients in Singapore, Hong Kong and Luxembourg the first to be moved.
Concerns abound about the potential for friction with regulators worried about risks to the Swiss economy should the bank get into trouble and given its size. UBS’s balance sheet is now more than $1.6-trillion, nearly twice the size of Switzerland’s economy.
UBS has said the focus on its balance sheet is misleading, adding that it holds about 20% of total assets in highly liquid assets and another 15% in low-risk mortgages to retail and wealthy clients.
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