UK regulator bans crypto exchange Binance Markets
Move by the Financial Conduct Authority comes as global scrutiny of the cryptocurrency industry tightens
The UK’s financial watchdog just took one of the most significant regulatory moves to date against a cryptocurrency exchange as global scrutiny of the industry hardens.
Binance Markets, an affiliate of top global crypto bourse Binance, was told by the Financial Conduct Authority it has until the evening of June 30 to confirm it has removed all advertising and financial promotions, according to the authority’s register. The exchange must also make clear on its website, social media channels and all other communications that it’s no longer permitted to operate in the UK. Binance Markets won’t be able to resume UK operations without prior written consent.
While the target of the restrictions is a separate legal entity from Binance — the world’s biggest crypto exchange by reported turnover — the FCA edict specifies that the notice must be put on Binance.com and communication channels including the Binance mobile and desktop applications.
The move extends a regulatory crackdown on the cryptocurrency sector amid concerns about its potential involvement in money laundering and fraud. Binance withdrew an application related to the 5MLD — an anti-laundering directive — on May 17 after “intensive engagement from the FCA,” according to the watchdog, which said the action had been in progress for some time.
“These events prove that while blockchain may be decentralised and borderless, the technologies built to support open and public blockchains are not,” said Nick Saponaro, co-founder of the Divi Project in San Diego. “This feels like a long-time coming. The area that some crypto companies operate in is grey at best.”
Binance Markets “does not offer any products or services via the Binance.com website,” the global crypto exchange said Sunday on Twitter. “The Binance Group acquired BML May 2020 and has not yet launched its UK business or used its FCA regulatory permissions.”
A Binance spokesperson said via email that the FCA’s notice restricts, but doesn’t remove, permissions owned by Binance Markets.
The move had little effect on trading in cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin gained on Monday, trading 6.8% higher at $34,854 as of 8.28am in London. Binance Coin, a token that has the fourth-biggest market value among cryptocurrencies and can be used to trade crypto and pay fees on Binance, is up 2.8% in the past 24 hours, according to pricing from CoinGecko.
Crypto bulls often interpret tough regulatory action as a sign that the market is maturing, and say the potential for a more robust safety net may entice more investors.
“Is this event a net-negative for the space? No. I think it shows maturity,” Saponaro said.
The FCA instructed Binance Markets to remove, or give instructions for the removal of, any advertising and financial promotions it currently has live. It also told the firm to secure and preserve all records relating to UK consumers, so they “can be provided to the FCA, or to a person named by the FCA, promptly on its request,” according to the statement.
A “significantly high” number of cryptoasset businesses aren’t meeting the required standards under the money laundering regulations, which has resulted in an unprecedented number of businesses withdrawing their applications, an FCA spokesperson said.
Of the firms assessed, more than 90% have withdrawn applications after the FCA’s intervention.
The FCA has warned consumers repeatedly of the risks of trading in cryptocurrencies, saying in January that investors “should be prepared to lose all their money.” It banned the sale of crypto derivatives to retail customers last year, saying they had no value for ordinary investors, while acknowledging that it didn’t regulate the underlying cryptocurrencies. European regulators have also cracked down on what crypto services can be offered to the public.
Mark Steward, head of enforcement and market oversight at the FCA, said at a City & Financial Global conference last week there were over 100 crypto companies operating in the UK that haven’t even applied for registration. About 2.5-million adults in the UK hold some form of crypto assets, he said, with many using credit to invest. “It has pure mania written all over it,” he said.
Binance is being probed by several agencies in the US. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission is looking into whether Binance allowed Americans to place wagers that violated US rules. The exchange is under investigation by the Justice Department and Internal Revenue Service, though hasn’t been accused by them of wrongdoing.
Japan’s Financial Services Agency also issued a warning against Binance recently, saying it offered crypto services without registration.
Bloomberg News. More stories like this are available on bloomberg.com
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