Sentiment remains cautious as a strong US jobs report signals a good chance the Fed will implement another 75 bps rate hike
The SA workforce should look like the people who live in the country, not an enclave of a sensitive minority
In 2020, SA exported $344.6m worth of steel and US$324m worth of aluminium to the US, according to the UN COMTRADE database on international trade
Opposition party says crime has shot up to a record high because little has been done to halt joblessness
The Pretoria high court ruled that the investment company may not be suspended from the JSE until its latest review application at the financial services tribunal has been heard
Transnet, Telkom and Eskom estimate that thieves and vandals cost them a total of R7bn a year due to metal theft
Priorities include building democracy, promoting development, peace, security, trade and investment, as well as cleaner energy
Every time All Black coach Ian Foster fronts the media, he presents it with denial, not truth and honest appraisal
The interior designer on timeless style and a feminine design sensibility
Myanmar's military junta on Monday said it has executed four democracy activists accused of helping to carry out “terror acts” in the Southeast Asian nation's first executions in decades, sparking widespread condemnation.
Sentenced to death in closed-door trials in January and April, the four men had been accused of helping militias to fight the army that seized power in a coup last year and unleashed a bloody crackdown on its opponents.
Myanmar's National Unity Government (NUG), a shadow administration outlawed by the ruling military junta, condemned the executions and called for international action against Myanmar's junta.
“Extremely saddened … condemn the junta's cruelty,” said the NUG president’s office spokesperson, Kyaw Zaw. “The global community must punish their cruelty.”
Among those executed were democracy figure Kyaw Min Yu, better known as Jimmy, and former legislator and hip-hop artist Phyo Zeya Thaw, the Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper said.
Kyaw Min Yu, 53, and Phyo Zeya Thaw, a 41-year-old ally of ousted Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi, lost their appeals against the sentences in June. The two others executed were Hla Myo Aung and Aung Thura Zaw.
“I am outraged and devastated at the news of the junta's execution of Myanmar patriots and champions of human rights and democracy,” Tom Andrews, the UN special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, said.
“My heart goes out to their families, friends and loved ones and indeed all the people in Myanmar who are victims of the junta's escalating atrocities.… These depraved acts must be a turning point for the international community.”
Thazin Nyunt Aung, the wife of Phyo Zeyar Thaw, said she had not been told of her husband's execution. Other relatives could not immediately be reached for comment.
The men had been held in the colonial-era Insein prison and a person with knowledge of the events said their families visited the prison last Friday. Only one relative was allowed to speak to the detainees via the Zoom online platform, said the person.
Myanmar's state media on Monday reported the executions had taken place and junta spokesperson Zaw Min Tun later confirmed the executions to Voice of Myanmar. Neither gave any details about when the executions occurred.
Previous executions in Myanmar have been by hanging.
An activist group, the Assistance Association of Political Prisoners (AAPP), said Myanmar's last judicial executions were in the late 1980s.
Last month, junta spokesperson Zaw Min Tun defended the death penalty, saying it was justified and used in many countries.
“At least 50 innocent civilians, excluding security forces, died because of them,” he told a televised news conference.
“How can you say this is not justice?” he asked. “Required actions are needed to be done in the required moments.”
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), appealed in a letter in June to junta leader Min Aung Hlaing not to carry out the executions, relaying deep concern among Myanmar's neighbours.
Myanmar's ruling junta has condemned foreign statements about the execution orders as “reckless and interfering”.
Myanmar has been in chaos since last year's coup, with conflict spreading nationwide after the army crushed mostly peaceful protests in cities.
“These horrendous executions were murders. They're a part of the junta's ongoing crimes against humanity and attack on the civilian population,” said Matthew Smith, head of Southeast Asia's Fortify Rights.
“The junta would be wrong to think this would instill fear in the hearts of the revolution.”
The AAPP says more than 2,100 people have been killed by the security forces since the coup. The junta says that figure is exaggerated.
The true picture of violence has been hard to assess as clashes have spread to more remote areas where ethnic minority insurgent groups are also fighting the military.
Last Friday, the World Court rejected Myanmar's objections to a genocide case over its treatment of the Muslim Rohingya minority, paving the way for the case to be heard in full.
The latest executions close off any chance of ending the unrest in the country, said Myanmar analyst Richard Horsey, of the International CRISIS group.
“Any possibility of dialogue to end the crisis created by the coup has now been removed,” Horsey said.
“This is the regime demonstrating that it will do what it wants and listen to no-one. It sees this as a demonstration of strength, but it may be a serious miscalculation.”
Acting Asia director of Human Rights Watch, Elaine Pearson, said the executions aim to chill the anticoup protest movement.
“EU member states, the US, and other governments should show the junta that there will be a reckoning for its crimes,” said Pearson.
“They should demand immediate measures, including the release of all political prisoners, and let the junta know the atrocities it commits have consequences.”
Would you like to comment on this article? Register (it's quick and free) or sign in now.
Please read our Comment Policy before commenting.
Published by Arena Holdings and distributed with the Financial Mail on the last Thursday of every month except December and January.