US unemployment expected to hit 17-year low, making faster rate hikes more likely
Washington — US jobs growth probably rose at a brisk clip in February, to push the unemployment rate down to a low of more than 17 years at 4% — wage gains are expected to have slowed after three straight months of strong increases.
The closely watched employment report from the Labor Department on Friday is expected to underscore the economy’s strength and bolster expectations that the Federal Reserve will raise its interest rate forecasts for 2018.
US financial markets have almost priced in an interest rate increase at the Fed’s March 20-21 policy meeting. The Fed’s current outlook is for three interest rate increases this year.
"A stronger jobs report with another healthy crop of wage gains increases chances that the Fed may add a fourth rate hike before year’s end," said Beth Ann Bovino, US chief economist at S&P Global Ratings in New York.
Nonfarm payrolls probably increased by 200,000 jobs last month amid unseasonably mild weather, according to a Reuters survey of economists, after a similar gain in January.
That would be above the monthly average of 181,000 jobs in 2017 and the about 100,000 jobs a month needed to keep up with growth in the working-age population.
Average hourly earnings are forecast to have risen 0.2% in February. Average hourly earnings rebounded strongly after a surprise drop in October, rising 0.3% in November. That was followed by increases of 0.4% in December and 0.3% in January.
Last month’s expected moderation is seen lowering the year-on-year increase in average hourly earnings to 2.8% from 2.9% in January, the largest rise since June 2009.
But wage growth in February could surprise on the upside because of a calendar quirk and as some companies like Starbucks and FedEx use some of their windfall from a $1.5-trillion income tax cut package to boost workers’ salaries.
Walmart announced an increase in entry-level wages for hourly employees at its US stores effective February.
"If earnings are a bit hot again, I think the market will start to increase bets that the Fed is going to turn more aggressive in raising interest rates this year," said Ryan Sweet, senior economist at Moody’s Analytics in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
"We are starting to see hawkish rhetoric coming from the dovish wing of the Fed."
Speculation that the central bank would upgrade its interest rate projections was stoked by Fed chairman Jerome Powell when he told legislators last week that "my personal outlook for the economy has strengthened since December".
While there was no evidence of the economy overheating, Powell said, "the thing we don’t want to have happen is to get behind the curve".
The anticipated drop in the unemployment rate from 4.1% in January would leave it at levels last seen in December 2000. Economists expect the unemployment rate to drop to 3.5% this year.
The economy is near full employment and there is concern that fiscal stimulus in the form of the income tax cuts and increased government spending could cause it to overheat.
The tightening labor market is expected to spur faster wage growth this year and help to lift inflation toward the Fed’s 2 percent target.
Employment gains were likely broad in February.
Manufacturing payrolls are forecast increasing by 15,000 jobs, matching January’s gain. The sector is being supported by strong domestic and international demand as well as by a weaker dollar.
Construction employment probably increased further after advancing by 36,000 jobs in January.
The average workweek is expected to have rebounded to 34.4 hours after declining to 34.3 hours in January.