EU defies Donald Trump by trading with Iran via a back channel
The channel is wanted so the EU can adopt tools that allow it to pursue its foreign-policy goals with less recourse to an unpredictable US ally
Brussels — EU countries will set up a mechanism to allow “legitimate” business to continue with Iran, a plan aimed at sidestepping sanctions and bolstering Europe’s independence from the US as President Donald Trump pursues his “America First” agenda.
The push for such a channel, announced by EU foreign affairs chief Federica Mogherini in New York late on Monday, reflects growing calls in countries such as France and Germany for the EU to adopt tools that will allow it to pursue its foreign-policy goals with less recourse to an unpredictable US ally. A chief catalyst was Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal even as world powers urged the US to stick to its mandate.
“In practical terms, this means that EU member states will set up a legal entity to facilitate legitimate financial transactions with Iran, and this will allow European companies to continue trade with Iran,” Mogherini said after meeting with representatives of the other signatories: the UK, France, Germany, Russia, China plus Iran. This will be “in accordance with European Union law, and could be opened to other partners in the world,” she said.
Trump re-imposed the sanctions after quitting the Iran accord in May, and called on US allies to comply. European companies, including Daimler and Total have halted activity or backtracked on investment plans to avoid US punishment, but France and Germany have repeatedly said that they support the Iran deal and want business with Iran to continue.
The decision to set up a so-called special-purpose vehicle that will facilitate payments, including for Iranian oil, comes on the back of a new EU push for a stronger international role for the euro. Allowing transactions with Iran to go through — even as the EU’s lending arm, the European Investment Bank (EIB), has exposure to the US making it more difficult to act as a financing channel — will help the EU economy and businesses grow more independent from the dollar and the US economy, officials say.
While the EU shares US concerns over Iran’s ballistic missile programme and its regional interventions in the Middle East, it argues that such concerns fall outside the scope of the nuclear accord, a landmark achievement that must be preserved as there’s no evidence that Tehran is violating its obligations. Yet Iranian leaders complain the Europeans haven’t done enough to protect the deal, including delivering the promised economic benefits.
With less than six weeks before the US re-imposes sanctions against Iranian oil exports, all sides are jockeying to win allegiances among allies and trading partners. The International Energy Agency (EIA) has warned of higher oil prices as Iranian supply losses deepen. Oil extended gains near the highest level in almost four years this week.
Trump has warned countries they have to choose between doing business with the US, the world’s largest economy, or Iran. The administration deployed teams of officials from the departments of treasury and state to lay the groundwork for the re-imposition of sanctions lifted under the deal, targeting industries ranging from energy to chemicals to apparel.
“To keep the deal alive we need concrete solutions so that payment channels can be kept open and trade with Iran remains possible,” German foreign minister Heiko Maas said after the meeting in New York. “We’re working hard on this with our European partners.”
Still, the US’s international financial clout means Europe’s efforts are unlikely to bear much fruit, according to Javier Solana, a former Nato secretary-general and EU foreign envoy who was a long-time promoter of diplomacy with Iran. “The power of the US today is not military, it’s the dollar,” Solana said earlier this month in an interview in Madrid. “They squeeze you out.”