World stocks hit four-month high, largely on US-China trade hopes
Dovish central banks also support the market as MSCI’s World Index hits its highest point since October as European stocks strengthen
London — World stocks hit a four-month high on Wednesday on hopes of progress in trade talks between the US and China, with a dovish backdrop at major central banks also helping push markets back into the black.
US President Donald Trump said negotiations with China are going well and suggested he is open to extending the deadline to complete them beyond March 1. Up to now, it was assumed US tariffs on $200bn worth of Chinese imports would rise to 25% from 10% if no trade deal was reached by then.
Asian shares soared on Trump’s comment, and European stock indices also strengthened, pushing the MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in 47 countries, to a four-month high.
Deutsche Bank’s chief strategist Jim Reid said the news flow is encouraging, despite signs that more progress is needed. “The overall feeling is that it is one step forward, three quarters of a step back at the moment. So positive momentum but still fragile,” he said in a note.
While hopes for a trade deal between the world’s two largest economies are seen as the primary driver for world stocks, dovish central bank messages are also playing a part.
New York Fed president John Williams said on Tuesday that he was comfortable with the level US interest rates are at and that he sees no need to raise them again unless economic growth or inflation shifts to an unexpectedly higher gear.
Investors are also looking, on Wednesday, to the release of minutes from the Federal Reserve’s January meeting, at which policy makers effectively signaled no further rate hikes and possible tweaks to its balance sheet normalisation.
In Europe, expectations have been growing that the European Central Bank (ECB) will restart a programme to provide long-term cheap loans to banks to boost a faltering economy, while the Bank of Japan has flagged its readiness to ease further.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan rose as much as 1.1% to mark its highest levels since October 2.
Hong Kong’s Hang Seng gained as much as 1.3% to six-month highs, while Korea’s Kospi and Taiwan’s index recovered to levels last seen in early October. Japan’s Nikkei added 0.6% to two-month highs.
On currency markets, the dollar steadied against a basket of major currencies, after suffering its biggest one-day loss of the month on Tuesday. It had also recorded big slides against the euro and sterling.
The dollar strengthened 0.2% against the yen after Japan recorded its biggest annual drop in exports in January for more than two years, and on recent dovish Bank of Japan signals.
Markets were also focused on news flow on the Brexit front, with sterling holding most of its gains following a 1% surge on Tuesday as British Prime Minister Theresa May headed to Brussels to try push negotiations forward.
The yuan rose as much as 0.6% against the dollar, its biggest intra-day gain in more than a month, after Bloomberg reported on Tuesday that the US was seeking to secure a pledge from China that it will not devalue the currency as part of a trade deal.
Oil prices hovered near 2019 highs, supported by oil cartel Opec-led supply cuts and US sanctions on Iran and Venezuela, but further gains were capped by soaring US production and expectations of an economic slowdown.
International Brent crude futures stood at $66.30 a barrel, having hit a three-month high of $66.83 a barrel earlier this week.