Guinea bauxite industry to get alumina refinery
Dakar — A consortium of the Societe Miniere de Boke (SMB) and Singapore’s Winning Shipping plans to build a new alumina refinery in Guinea in a $3bn effort to develop the West African country’s bauxite industry.
Guinea has about a third of the world’s bauxite reserves and expects to produce more than 30-million tonnes in 2017. However, it has no open facilities to transform those reserves into higher-grade alumina, which can fetch higher prices on world markets.
The project will include a 120km railway connecting SMB’s bauxite mines in Boke to the refinery in Dapilon, which will process the raw material for export as alumina, mainly to China, the MD of SMB, Frederic Bouzigues, said.
Construction of the 1-million-tonne-per-year refinery is due to start in 2019 after the completion of environmental impact and feasibility studies. It is expected to be completed in 2022, Bouzigues said.
"The local processing of raw materials is one of the biggest challenges for a more inclusive growth in Africa because it creates more value locally, while leading to economic diversification," said Bouzigues.
The bauxite sector has taken on greater significance for the economy in Guinea, where the development of huge iron ore deposits in its forested interior stalled due to a slump in global commodities prices in 2014.
In 2017, output has been dented by riots in Boke over a perceived failure of the mining industry to raise living standards. At least two people were killed in September as protesters blocked trucks from leaving mine sites.
SMB is owned by Winning Shipping and China’s Shandong Weiqiao, along with UMS International and the Guinean government.