Paris/Brussels — The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has found that the EU has failed to withdraw all subsidies to planemaker Airbus amid US tariffs on European goods, three people familiar with the matter said.
A new compliance report to be published as soon as Monday found that the Airbus A350 jetliner continues to be subsidised as a result of earlier government loans, they said.
However, the WTO could scale back the amount of harm deemed to have been caused to US rival Boeing, which influenced a decision to allow $7.5bn of US tariffs against the EU earlier in 2019, two of the people said.
Neither the WTO nor the parties in the 15-year-old trade case, which involves mutual claims of billions of dollars of subsidies to both planemakers, had any immediate comment.
The US imposed tariffs on European goods including most Airbus planes and products from cheese to handbags and whisky in October.
The $7.5bn tariff ceiling approved by the WTO was based on the amount of economic damage believed to have been caused to Boeing as a result of European support to Airbus, mainly in the form of government loans for the A380 and A350.
The WTO overruled EU attempts to halt the tariffs while Brussels brought forward new arguments to show that it had complied with earlier rulings, in a somewhat rare second compliance procedure.
Monday's report will deliver the WTO's verdict on those new arguments, which rely partly on the fact the A380 — once the European planemaker's flagship — is facing the axe because of poor sales, meaning any damage to Boeing was temporary.
Two of the people familiar with the case said the WTO had accepted part of these arguments, implicitly agreeing to reduce the ceiling for US retaliation by as much as $2bn.
However, it remained unclear how quickly a partial European victory on that front could translate into lower tariffs, due to legal technicalities.
By appealing against the new compliance finding, the US could effectively send the case into a void as the WTO Appellate Body, which hears appeals, is about to cease functioning due to US blocking of new appointments, experts said.
Instead, the EU is expected to focus on the prospect of counter-tariffs in a parallel case over Boeing subsidies likely to come to a head early in 2020, while calling for a broader negotiated settlement on aircraft support worldwide.