The Huawei logo is pictured outside their research facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. File photo: REUTERS/CHRIS WATTIE
The Huawei logo is pictured outside their research facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. File photo: REUTERS/CHRIS WATTIE

London/Brussels/Washington — Britain is able to manage the security risks of using Huawei telecoms equipment and has not seen any evidence of malicious activity by the company, a senior official said on Wednesday, pushing back against US allegations of Chinese state spying.

Ciaran Martin, head of Britain’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), said Britain has yet to decide on its security policy for national 5G networks, though Huawei equipment is subject to detailed oversight and strict government controls over where it is used.

“Our regime is arguably the toughest and most rigorous oversight regime in the world for Huawei,” Martin, whose NCSC is part of Britain’s GCHQ intelligence agency, said at a cybersecurity conference in Brussels.

Asked later whether Washington had presented Britain with any evidence to support its allegations, he told reporters: “I would be obliged to report if there was evidence of malevolence ... by Huawei. And we’re yet to have to do that. So I hope that covers it.”

Huawei, the world’s biggest producer of telecoms equipment, faces intense scrutiny in the West over its relationship with the Chinese government and allegations of enabling state espionage, with the US calling for allies not to use the company’s technology.

No evidence has been produced publicly and Huawei has repeatedly denied the claims, but the allegations have led several Western countries to restrict the company’s access to their markets.

Martin said it was for the US government to comment on what information it had about the company but added:

“From our point of view ... if you look at the detailed paper we’re publishing, we set out the way we manage the risks.”

Huawei had no immediate comment and US officials did not respond to a request for comment.

Britain is a key battleground for Huawei in its campaign to resist US pressure in Europe. Any decision by London to allow the Chinese company to participate in building next-generation 5G networks would be watched closely by other nations because of Britain’s membership of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing group along with the US.

But the company has come under fire in Britain since a government report in July 2018 found that technical and supply-chain issues with its equipment had exposed national telecoms networks to new security risks.

 In January Vodafone, the world’s second-largest mobile operator, said it was “pausing” deployment of Huawei equipment in core networks until Western governments give the full security clearance.

Other operators in Europe, including Britain’s BT and France’s Orange have already removed Huawei’s equipment or taken steps to limit its future use.

Commenting on the report, Martin said: “As we said then, and repeat today, these problems are about standards of cyber security; they are not indicators of hostile activity by China.”

Martin said Huawei had pledged to address the problems but acknowledged that doing so would take some years.

“We will monitor and report on progress and we will not declare the problems are on the path to being solved unless and until there is clear evidence that this is the case,” he said.

“We will not compromise on the improvements we need to see from Huawei.”