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Sasol is on the list of 57 big companies that produced 80% of the world’s CO2 emissions from 2016 to 2022, according to a new report from the Carbon Majors database earlier in April.

Sasol is ranked 56th. Carbon Majors is a database of historic production data from 122 of the world’s largest oil, gas, coal and cement producers. The top emitters from 2016 to 2022 are Chinese state-owned coal companies (grouped as one in the report), Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, Coal India, and National Iranian Oil Company.

Despite the Paris Agreement on climate change signed in 2015, carbon emissions by many of the fossil fuel companies on the Carbon Majors list have increased in the past seven years compared with the seven years before.

In 2023 world CO2 emissions increased to a record high, according to the International Energy Agency.

Sasol was ranked at number 47 for historical emissions during 1854-2022 on the Carbon Majors report. Two other SA companies, Seriti Resources and Exxaro Resources, were also listed as carbon majors, both from 2016-2022 and from 1854-2022.

Sasol’s total emissions increased slightly in 2023 from 2022 to more than 64,000 kilotonnes of CO2, according to its 2023 Climate Change report. Sasol said in the report that the increase in total emissions was due to “higher production rates, as well as process inefficiencies, external power interruptions and shortage of natural gas”. The company said that in 2024, production levels were expected to increase, resulting in further increased emissions at its Secunda operations.

Referring to this report, spokesperson Matebello Motloung said the company had achieved about a 5% reduction from its 2017 baseline “through ongoing mitigation interventions”. However, this figure does not include its Natref refinery emissions nor its Mozambique operations.

Sasol has committed to reduce greenhouse gases by 30% by 2030 and reach net zero emissions by 2050, in line with the Paris Agreement, which was signed by SA. In terms of the agreement, emissions must be reduced to zero by 2050 to keep global temperature limited to a 1.5°C increase.

Asked to comment on the Carbon Majors report, Motloung said Sasol “was not afforded an opportunity to consult on the report or its contents and as such we have not yet considered its contents in detail”.

But, he said, the company was “committed to decarbonising our operations and to [the] 2050 net zero ambition”.

However, shareholder activist organisation JustShare has raised concerns that Sasol will not be able to meet its commitments.

The company was “facing a diminishing window to achieve its promised targets”, said Emma Schuster, senior climate risk analyst at JustShare. She said Sasol had made no “discernible progress” on its targets.

Schuster said Sasol “has a 20-year record of failing to meet emissions targets” and had not put in place any mechanisms for holding those responsible accountable. “Its emissions — and those of most other carbon majors — continue to go up,” she said.

For years JustShare and the Centre for Environmental Rights have expressed concern that Sasol has not shown any real signs of decreasing its emissions.

As “by far the biggest sources of climate-changing greenhouse gases”, the companies in the Carbon Major list “have an outsized responsibility to reduce their emissions”, Schuster said. She said that the fossil fuel industry continued to generate substantial profits through the expansion of operations, despite record-high emissions in the past few years.

Sasol has said it is shifting its operation to produce green hydrogen from renewable energy and has recently signed a contract for the supply of 69MW of renewable energy to its Sasolburg site. This is one of the “first of several agreements Sasol intends to finalise in the coming months as it secures the renewable energy supply required to produce green hydrogen”, the company said in a statement.


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