Inflation accelerated slightly to 5.1% in October from 4.9% in September, matching the economists’ consensus. Inflation was expected to accelerate due to October’s R1/l petrol price and R1.24/l diesel price increases. Stats SA reported on Wednesday that September’s consumer price index (CPI) came to 109.4 points, up from 103.9 in October 2017 and 108.9 points in September 2018.

Inflation, as measured by the annual change in CPI, is the key measure used by the Reserve Bank’s monetary policy committee to set interest rates. The committee is scheduled to announce its next interest rate decision on Thursday. Half of the economists polled by Bloomberg expected a rate hike while the other half expected the repo rate to remain unchanged. Although inflation remains well under the Reserve Bank’s 6% ceiling, concern that inflation will continue rising may prompt the Bank to raise its repo rate from 6.5% to 6.75%. The monetary policy committee has made it clear that it would prefer infla...

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