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Picture: 123RF
Picture: 123RF

Singapore — Privately run Chinese power company GCL Holdings is rebuilding a natural gas business after offloading hundreds of solar installations to set up gas import capacity and a trading operation, company executives have said.

If successful, GCL would join so-called tier-two liquefied natural gas (LNG) players in China such as city-gas companies ENN and Beijing Gas Group that aim to ramp up imports of the super-chilled fuel alongside state majors to meet growing demand from the world’s top energy user.

GCL’s return to gas after several years comes as global spot LNG prices have fallen to near three-year lows on growing supply, and as demand is set to expand in China, which reclaimed its title as the world’s top LNG buyer last year.

The group’s Hong Kong-listed unit GCL New Energy Holdings last month hired Xiong Xin, former vice-president of ENN Natural Gas, as head of gas trading to lead a team based in Beijing that will expand to about 20 by year-end, company executives said.

Xiong, who began his LNG career at state major CNOOC, will also head a new gas trading arm in Singapore that will have about five staff in the coming months, said Xu Huilin, GCL New Energy’s executive president.

Details of GCL’s renewed push into the gas business have not previously been reported.

Once China’s largest privately controlled solar power producer, GCL entered the gas business about a decade ago and had rights to explore for hydrocarbons in Ethiopia. By 2018 it had plans to invest billions of dollar to build five LNG receiving terminals along China’s coast.

Capacity overhang

But deep debt at its solar power generating unit, hurt by industrywide overcapacity and Beijing’s phase-out of subsidies, hobbled its gas ambitions, Xu said.

China, the world’s largest solar power operator and manufacturer, faces a huge capacity overhang that has hit global solar material and equipment prices and sparked international dumping concerns.

GCL sold all 220 of its solar stations totalling 7.15 gigawatts, mostly to state utilities, raising around ¥23.5bn ($3.25bn) by end- 2023, a company media official said.

The group still provides management and maintenance for solar farms and has a profitable silicon manufacturing business, Xu said.

“The spin-off of the heavy solar downstream assets has enabled the group’s strategic shift back to the gas business,” said Xu, previously a vice-president at state-run Sinochem Oil, who joined GCL in June 2023.

That shift includes building two receiving terminals, marketing and international trading of gas, as well as producing and exporting gas from Ethiopia, Xu said.

GCL is building an import terminal, estimated to cost ¥5bn, in Rudong in Jiangsu province that can handle 3-million tonnes of LNG a year. The project, held 51% by GCL and 49% by independent oil and gas firm Pacific Energy, is slated for start-up in late 2025, said Xu and Xiong.

State approval

Pacific Energy did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the project.

A similar-sized terminal planned for Maoming in Guangdong province in which GCL is likely to own a 43% stake, is pending state approval, they added.

GCL has stakes in 10 gas-fired power plants in Guangdong and Jiangsu, giving it more than 2-billion cubic metres of gas demand for its trading business. It also intends to sell gas to third-party customers such as city-gas companies and ceramics makers, Xu said.

GCL is considering resuming activity in Ethiopia’s gas-rich Ogaden region, where it halted investment in about 2018 after drilling 40 wells, company officials said.

One proposal is to build a 600,000 tonne-per year liquefaction facility there, the officials said, with an eye to marketing fuel shipped in ISO tanks to South Asia or Europe.

“The idea is to develop the gas resource step by step, potentially bringing in strategic partners in the future to make it a sizeable LNG export project,” Xu said.


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