These are unexpectedly good times for the European Union. More than a year after Britons voted to withdraw from the organization, the euro has hit eight-year highs against the pound, eurozone economies have recorded improved growth and voters have rejected far-right populists in France and Holland. European leaders have been quick to respond. Just months after European Council President Donald Tusk’s February warning that the threats facing the EU were “more dangerous than ever” and that it had to tackle challenges “which have previously not occurred, at least not on such a scale,” Italy’s Europe Minister Sandro Gozi announced in May the union was entering “a new phase."

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