Predicting how the future will play out is anyone’s guess. "Warning: Turbulence Ahead" (Features, January 17) provides numerous possibilities. But it is unlikely that 2019 will be much different, because the ANC is a slow learner. President Cyril Ramaphosa might be a politician of stature, but the Tammany Hall politics of the ANC will determine the direction the government takes, with predicable consequences. A land grab will be disastrous, so there is little reason for optimism. Of the economists quoted in the article, Peter Attard Montalto offers a fair (if pessimistic) assessment of ANC thinking. Little will change, and it would be naive to expect the bloated cabinet of mainly incompetents to be downsized. Eskom is heading for a debt trap, which raises questions around its viability (a threat to industry). Other state-owned enterprises offer little hope of recovery. The endemic corruption that seems to be so entrenched in the ANC’s psyche will not be rooted out any time soon. SA ...

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