Archie Nkonyeni, who has died in East London at the age of 84, became the best- known entrepreneur in the Transkei during apartheid, when the dice were loaded against black people trying to break into what was a white-dominated business universe.

He was a pioneer in the field of property development. He was the first black businessman in the Transkei to establish a company for the purpose of acquiring, leasing and renting commercial property to business enterprises, and he built the first black-owned and -run shopping mall in the region...

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