André Roux, who has died in London at the age of 68, was deputy director-general of the National Treasury and head of the budget office in the 1990s. He played a key role in formulating the post-apartheid government's macroeconomic strategy, the bold but fiercely contested Growth, Employment & Redistribution (GEAR) policy, which the government of Nelson Mandela adopted in 1996. 

Intellectually formidable, Roux joined the department of finance — where he was responsible for macroeconomic, fiscal and tax policy and intergovernmental fiscal relations — with a BSc honours in mathematics from the University of Cape Town, an MPhil in economics from Cambridge and an MSc in mathematics from Oxford...

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