Does purpose really drive profit?
For years now, the business world has been led to believe that purpose rallies people around a greater cause, building customer affinity, establishing trust and opening wallets. But purpose alone is not the silver bullet. And as a business concept, it is greatly misunderstood, maintains Terri-Leigh Cassel, MD of experience design firm SHIFT.
Cassel defines purpose as a “Passion to right a wrong in the world”. She says: “It is a business’s very reason for being and is essential, because it creates clarity of direction – a compass.”
However, what really drives profit is not purpose itself. For purpose to be realised, a business must identify what it is best at – and develop a plan for activating this across every area of its delivery: people and culture, products and services, systems and processes, brand and communication.
Mike dos Santos, CX Strategy director at SHIFT, says, “It’s a holistic experience strategy, one that considers a business’s full picture and unlocks real, sustainable growth. This is where purpose is put to work, creating competitive advantage and driving commercial success. Without this coherent plan of action, a purpose is merely an intent.”
A recent study by global leadership consulting firm DDI World substantiates this viewpoint. According to the study’s findings, purpose-led companies outperform their respective markets by up to 42% financially. However, a critical point to make is that simply articulating a purpose statement is not enough. Being led by purpose means having an actionable plan for delivering on the purpose across the entire business.
Which raises the question: what does purpose-led business look like in action? International best practice highlights the importance of introspection and extrospection in this regard.
Cassel says the first step is to uncover and articulate a clear, authentic purpose statement, one that comes directly from (and, therefore, resonates with) the business’s leadership and stems from a deep-seated and shared passion to overcome a pressing issue in the wider world. Once defined, this should be followed by a holistic plan of action for achieving the identified purpose – the business’s experience strategy – informed by a deep, empathic understanding of customers’ pain points. It has to be centred on what the business is (or could be) best at in overcoming these pain points; the unique competitive advantage that will ultimately activate the purpose, thereby driving financial growth.
The world’s most successful purpose-led businesses epitomise this approach, not only confirming the correlation between purpose and profit, but also making a solid business case for an approach grounded in both the heart space and the head space to create maximum impact: involving the heart when defining a purpose and the head when developing a practical plan to action it.
Locally, retail giant Woolworths provides a powerful demonstration of these guiding principles in practice, points out Dos Santos.
Established in Cape Town in 1931 amid the economic downturn of the Great Depression, Woolworths’s trajectory over almost a century can be traced to the original intent of its founder, Max Sonnenberg. His driving belief, set against a backdrop of increasingly and unjustly inferior product quality in the local retail industry at the time, was that people deserved better – and that sustainable business success lay in providing customers with quality merchandise at fair prices. This passion sparked an ethos of ruthless and focused quality consciousness that has consistently informed Woolworths’s course over the years, guided by a clearly articulated purpose statement – “To add quality to life” – and a cohesive, actionable customer experience strategy, where making “The difference” for customers every day is manifested at every experience point, putting its purpose to work across the business’s full ecosystem.
“The Woolworths ‘difference’ – as a longstanding value proposition and core competency – is a tangible by-product of the business’s carefully considered customer experience strategy, executed through a series of rigorous and measurable standards, values, policies and purpose-aligned behaviours,” says Dos Santos.
He adds: “The quality cues are conveyed through its distinctive brand and communication – from the entrenched customer centricity and service quality of its employees (both in store and behind the scenes) to the superior quality of its various product offerings and the quality of its supporting systems, processes and interfaces (front- and back-end alike).
As for results, he maintains that these speak for themselves: even in a challenging economic climate, Woolworths has attained a compound annual revenue growth rate of 11.1% over the past decade – well ahead of competitors, South African retail industry averages and even year-on-year inflation.
“For the business at large, the difference has also meant the distinction between merely having a purposeful intent and having a resonant, customer-centric purpose, actioned with consistency and incisiveness through a comprehensive long-term delivery plan.”
As Cassel concludes, yes, purpose certainly does drive profit. “But it is nothing without action,” she says.
The big take-out:
Purpose put to work creates competitive advantage and drives commercial success. However, without a coherent plan of action a purpose is merely an intent.
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