The role of mobile in building brand loyalty
With falling consumer confidence and a slow economic growth outlook, brands are intensifying the fight for consumer loyalty. Mobile is emerging as a powerful enabler – and driver – of brand loyalty in SA.
The latest FNB/BER consumer confidence index showed a sharp decline, as fewer consumers expected their household finances to improve in the next 12 months. At the same time, the World Bank has slashed SA’s economic growth outlook from 1.1% to a meagre 0.6%. Faced with customers who have less to spend, brands are investing time and resources in building strong and attractive loyalty programmes that help them retain existing customers.
Research by Bain & Company found that increasing customer retention by only 5% led to an increase in profits of between 25%-95%. The cost of acquiring customers is also discouragingly high: according to the Harvard Business Review, it costs between five and 25 times as much to acquire a customer as it does to retain one.
Loyalty programmes play a significant role in SA shoppers’ purchasing habits: the latest “Truth Loyalty Whitepaper” found that 79% of SA consumers are using at least one loyalty programme this year, an increase of 8% over 2016. A closer look at the data reveals some interesting insights into what drives loyalty programme participation and, by effect, brand loyalty.
Keep it simple, stupid
Customer experience emerged as the top consideration for SA loyalty members: simplicity and ease-of-use were the highest-rated considerations in the “Truth” report. This is consistent with international trends: in a study of more than 19,000 North American consumers, programme enjoyment was one of three top-rated factors contributing to customer satisfaction with the loyalty programme.
The “Bond Loyalty Report 2016” further found that 57% of North American shoppers would like to engage with loyalty programmes by means of a mobile device. This is driven partly by the way new tech solutions are offering better customer experiences: mobile loyalty apps that allow payment and loyalty earn-and-burn, with opportunities for geo-located surprise-and-delight rewards creating powerful customer affinity.
A good example is coffee store chain Vida e Caffe, which took fifth place in the “Top 10 Easiest Programmes To Use” category, joining industry leaders such as Clicks ClubCard and Pick n Pay Smart Shopper. What distinguishes Vida’s loyalty offering from many others is its mobile app: members can pay by means of a linked card, by redeeming their earned points, by a combination of the two or even by sending a digital gift to a friend. The combination of ease of use, frictionless payment, gamification and the social element of sharing loyalty value with friends and family combine to powerful effect.
Mobile makes it easier to burn
Without loyalty value being spent – what is colloquially termed loyalty “burn” – brands will struggle to foster brand affinity. The “Bond Brand Loyalty” report found that members who don’t redeem their loyalty value are 2.3 times more likely to defect to another loyalty programme than those who have redeemed it in the past 12 months. Loyalty market leaders such as eBucks ascribe much of their success to the strength of their partner network and the number of opportunities they offer members to spend loyalty value at a range of strategic partners. As a result, eBucks proudly sports a spend-to-earn ratio of 86%, far outpacing the industry standard of around 60%.
Discovery Vitality, another top-tier loyalty programme, outperforms other loyalty programmes in many respects, despite a relatively smaller member base. Part of Vitality’s allure is the way the programme rewards nontransactional behaviour – for example, successfully completing certain fitness goals – and then connects its members with lifestyle partners consistent with the programme’s focus on healthy living. Vitality has in many respects become a daily habit / lifestyle partner to its members, driving strong brand affinity.
Brands should also consider the youth when developing loyalty programmes: loyalty use among under-25s has increased from 53% in 2015 to 67% in 2017. This mobile-savvy age group has less disposable income, so loyalty programmes that go beyond pure transactional value and focus on engagement – especially by means of mobile – perform best.
If customer data is the new oil, mobile is the drill
Personalisation has become the holy grail of brand communication: by replacing the broad sweeping generalisation of traditional demographic-based customer segmentation with highly accurate data-driven customer profiles of one person, brands are able to introduce timely offers and personalised brand communication at an individual level.
A study by global brand consultancy Wunderman found that 79% of consumers want brands to demonstrate that they fully understand them before they’re willing to consider purchasing.
This is where mobile really comes to the fore: the amount of behavioural data generated through frequent mobile use far outstrips that of card-based loyalty systems.
Once brands understand their members better at an individual level, they are able to introduce tailored offers that can bring inactive members back into the fold, or encourage active members to engage with the programme at a deeper level.
This may make it attractive to think that card-based loyalty has no place, but it’s not really the case. There will always be a market for card-based loyalty, partly because old habits die hard but also because of the aspirational value of displaying a higher-tier loyalty card at the point of purchase.
Mobile enriches the loyalty experience by creating a bridge between the familiar card-based interaction and the rich personalisation, social, and gamification elements offered by app-based smartphone interactions and USSD-driven feature phone engagement.
* Bednall is chief marketing officer of mobile loyalty technology company wiGroup.