Extract Does the world never learn? Why is it, to rephrase the old saying, that we are condemned to repeat the horrific past even when we can see its effect right before our eyes? In 2012 Archbishop Desmond Tutu boycotted a leadership conference in Sandton where former British prime minister Tony Blair gave a speech. Tutu said at the time that Blair and and former US president George W Bush should appear before the international criminal court for lying about the existence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq before going to war against that country in 2003. Tutu was proved right by official inquiries on both sides of the Atlantic. In the UK the Chilcot Inquiry found that at the time of the 2003 invasion Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein “posed no imminent threat”. “We have concluded that the UK chose to join the invasion of Iraq before the peaceful options for disarmament had been exhausted. Military action at that time was not a last resort,” the report read.

In the US, the Se...

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