The adulation of Robert Mugabe by many Africans, despite him plunging his country into a death spiral, raises the question of what attributes are most valued in a leader or hero.

The attributes people value determine what kind of leaders they elect and, in turn, whether a country will prosper or fail. The puzzle is that many Africans who lead their countries to failed states, break-ups and civil war are often wildly celebrated by other Africans.

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