Berlin — Few countries in western Europe have suffered the sharp end of terror as much as Spain. Over the course of four decades, the Basque Eta group murdered more than 800 people in a campaign of violence and bloodshed that finally came to an end only in 2011. Its last major attack, the bombing of Madrid Barajas airport, took place in 2006. Jihadist terror, too, left its mark on the nation, when al-Qaeda operatives blew up four commuter trains as they pulled into Madrid’s Atocha train station in March 2004. The attack claimed the lives of 192 people — the deadliest on European soil since the Lockerbie plane bombing in 1988. Over the past decade, however, the country was largely spared from terrorist atrocities — a rare period of tranquility that has now come to a brutal end. Spaniards had watched from afar as attackers targeted London, Paris, Brussels, Nice and Berlin, all the while hoping that their own cities would remain safe. On Thursday, as a white van cut its bloody swath th...

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