Nairobi/London — Nigsti Tadese knew another war was coming when she heard the whoosh of a jet fighter from the Ethiopian air force flying over Mekelle, the capital of Tigray, a region in the north of the country bordering on Eritrea.

“We lost our fellows in the last war with Eritrea,” said Nigsti, a grocery store owner, referring to the gruesome Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict of 1998-2000 in which about 70,000 people died and almost no land changed hands...

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