In 1984, Fulham were playing a football match against Leeds United at the latter’s Elland Road stadium. Leroy Rosenior, a centre forward for the London club, went to collect a ball near the corner flag. He froze as thousands of young men in the stands, arms straight and pointed upwards, screamed: "Sieg Heil." "I was frightened when I looked up and saw all those people," recalls Rosenior. In the 1980s, black players like Rosenior had grown used to monkey chants from fans. During a playing career that included spells at leading clubs such as Queens Park Rangers and West Ham United, he faced racist taunts from opponents hoping to provoke a violent reaction that result in him being dismissed from the pitch. Managers he worked under spoke to him in crude racial terms, because "that [was] the normal language" of the era. At the time he kept quiet. "Sometimes I sat aside and I watched other players react in a way that I wanted to react," he says. "I saw what happened to them. They were see...

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