Cyril Ramaphosa is a complex and formidable figure. That is just as well. The problems he faces as SA’s president are complex and formidable too. Not only must he rescue his own party from the depths into which it fell during the years of his morally bankrupt predecessor, Jacob Zuma, he must also tackle the social and economic ills his ANC inherited from the apartheid system 25 years ago — problems it has done too little to address. To the extent that Ramaphosa has a mandate, what is he to do with it? First, he must clean house. The president himself has admitted that his party has been “captured” by corrupt forces. The problem is not bad apples. The ANC barrel is rotten. Ramaphosa needs to make examples of the worst offenders by sacking them. He also needs to empower state prosecutors and investigators to pursue convictions. If he can restore a modicum of credibility to his own party, he will stand a better chance of taking on the nation’s deep-seated woes. He should start with a r...

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