Vilnius — The six continually updated screens in front of Sgt Tomas Ceponis’s desk in Lithuania’s defence ministry do not transmit conventional military data. On one, he can monitor the most popular stories in the Russian language. Another display shows how content is being shared via social media, while a third tracks trending online news about several countries, including neighbouring Belarus. “I believe in the 21st century we have to be ready not only to fight in kinetic wars, but in information wars, too,” says Ceponis, whose work at the Lithuanian army’s strategic communications department makes him part of an unusual military-civilian network in Lithuania to police alleged “fake news”. “We think if you can connect intelligence guys with psychological operations guys, it’s probably the best.” Lithuania sees itself as being on the frontline of a Russian offensive to sow misinformation in the western world. European politicians have become increasingly spooked by the spread of co...

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