How crime, zama zamas and extortion are killing SA mining
If SA’s mining sector is a barometer of the social pressures facing the country, the current situation is disturbing, to say the least. Between illegal mining, mafia-like extortion rackets and community disaffection brought on largely by a governance vacuum, mining companies are feeling the pinch
Far from the unreality of middle-class metropolitan life, mines have long had a finger on SA’s pulse.
For years, important events in the country’s democratic passage have played out on the mining stage: unionisation in 1982, the Mining Charter of 1994 and the 2012 Marikana massacre, which presaged a new, disturbing chapter in SA’s history...
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