The average duration of the working relationship between directors-general and ministers has been so short that long-term planning and short-term delivery have been at risk.

Under Zuma the average national department will be reshuffled every nine months and a new director-general appointed every 22 months.

BL Premium

This article is reserved for our subscribers.

A subscription helps you enjoy the best of our business content every day along with benefits such as exclusive Financial Times articles, Morningstar financial data, and digital access to the Sunday Times and Times Select.

**Promotion:  Standard Bank is giving new subscribers three months free* when they take up a BL Premium subscription.
*Read more (Ts & Cs apply) or click “Subscribe” below to continue.

Already subscribed? Simply sign in below.

Questions or problems? Email or call 0860 52 52 00.