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A BMW logo on a car. Picture: REUTERS/DENIS BALIBOUSE
A BMW logo on a car. Picture: REUTERS/DENIS BALIBOUSE

Sweden’s Northvolt, whose customers include BMW and Volkswagen, is planning to go public within the next two years as battery demand for electric vehicles booms.

The firm is “well positioned” for an initial public offering (IPO), founder and chairman Carl-Erik Lagercrantz said in an interview. The venture, which has been valued at around $12bn after raising about $6.5bn through debt and equity, is part of a trio of green technology start-ups spearheaded by Lagercrantz and private equity veteran Harald Mix.

“We have commitments in relation to deliveries from our customers — that plays a major role in a market that is more difficult,” Lagercrantz said. A listing during the next two years is a “reasonable” expectation even as the company has “no need from a funding perspective”.

Lagercrantz initiated the push in 2016 to establish a battery industry in northern Sweden. Northvolt’s access to renewable power and smaller CO2 footprint is key in differentiating the company from Asian giants such as China’s Contemporary Amperex Technology, Japan’s Panasonic and LG Chem from South Korea.

In May, the company became the first European firm to start commercial shipments to a carmaker from the Northvolt Ett plant in Skelleftea. While Ett is still scaling up, the manufacturer is also planning a new plant in Gothenburg to supply Volvo Car and Polestar. A third factory in northern Germany dubbed “Northvolt Drei” is scheduled for 2025. This is set to boost Northvolt’s overall battery-cell manufacturing to more than 170GW-h, among the biggest in Europe. 

Lagercrantz and Mix are also founders of and investors in H2 Green Steel, which plans to make fossil-free steel, and Polarium Energy Solutions — two start-ups aiming for a stock market listing in the “not too distant future”. 

Polarium, an energy-storage developer that counts major telecommunications firms such as Vodafone and Verizon Communications on its client roster, is most likely to be the first of the three to list, Lagercrantz said.

“Polarium is a company with good profitability and fantastic growth in an area that has such strong macro trends,” he said. “If conditions are right, next year the company will be on the stock exchange.”

For H2 Green Steel an IPO is a few years away, he said. But when production has reached scale, the public market will be a “very good place” to raise capital, as it is “very capex-heavy, just like Northvolt”.

H2 Green Steel has said it is looking to raise in the range of $3bn-$4bn through a combination of equity and green project financing for its operations in the northern part of Sweden. It has so far secured $105m, Lagercrantz said.



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