The aftermath of the huge blast at Beirut's port on August 4 2020. Picture: REUTERS/MOHAMED AZAKIR
The aftermath of the huge blast at Beirut's port on August 4 2020. Picture: REUTERS/MOHAMED AZAKIR

Beirut — Lebanon’s judiciary will question finance and public works ministers who were in office in late 2013, when the stockpile of ammonium nitrate that caused last week’s devastating explosion was first unloaded at Beirut’s port.

Former finance ministers Mohammed Safadi and Ali Hasan Khalil, as well as Ghazi Wazni — who was appointed in January and stays on a caretaker basis after the government resigned this week — will be quizzed, according to an official in the judiciary who declined to be named while discussing the sensitive investigation.

They will appear before an investigating panel after the ministers of public works, the official said. The two ministries are responsible for port operations.

The blast killed more than 170 people and injured thousands, exacerbating the country’s worst economic and political crises in decades.

Special court

None of the group of past and present finance ministers was immediately available for comment. A person in Wazni’s office said the minister had nothing to do with the explosion and wouldn’t be questioned.

Lawmaker Ghazi Zeaiter, who served as public works minister between 2014 and 2016, said in a televised press conference on Thursday that he was ready to appear in court and had asked the speaker, Nabih Berri, to lift his parliamentary immunity.

In the event that ministers are implicated in the case, a third of parliament’s legislators would have to approve their referral to a court that specialises in trying members of the government and presidents.

The blast, which was heard in Cyprus, rocked the capital on August 4, severely damaging surrounding neighbourhoods and wiping out the port, the country’s lifeline. Authorities say that 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate had been kept at the port since 2013 despite repeated safety warnings.

At least 20 people are already in custody, including the current and former GMs of the Lebanese customs and port officials. State prosecutors have also questioned officers in the army and state security, as well as other officials.

The supreme judicial council on Wednesday turned down the caretaker justice minister’s proposed pick to lead the investigation, citing possible close ties to the president’s party, according to a different judiciary official.

The council, which was asked to look in to the explosion last week, said judge Samer Youness is close to Gebran Bassil, the head of the largest Christian bloc in parliament and the son-in-law of the president. Other people are now being considered to head the probe.


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