Jared Kushner, senior White House adviser (second left) and Steven Mnuchin, US treasury secretary (centre), listen as US President Donald Trump (far left) speaks during a meeting in the Oval Office of the White House on August 13 2020, after Israel and the UAE reached an agreement to fully normalise relations. Picture: THE NEW YORK TIMES/BLOOMBERG/DOUG MILLS
Jared Kushner, senior White House adviser (second left) and Steven Mnuchin, US treasury secretary (centre), listen as US President Donald Trump (far left) speaks during a meeting in the Oval Office of the White House on August 13 2020, after Israel and the UAE reached an agreement to fully normalise relations. Picture: THE NEW YORK TIMES/BLOOMBERG/DOUG MILLS

Washington — Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)  reached a historic deal on Thursday that will lead to a full normalisation of diplomatic relations between the two Middle Eastern nations in an agreement that US President Donald Trump helped broker.

Under the agreement, Israel has agreed to suspend applying sovereignty to areas of the West Bank it has been discussing annexing, senior White House officials said.

The deal was the product of lengthy discussions between Israel, the UAE and the US that accelerated recently, White House officials said. The agreement was sealed in a phone call on Thursday between Trump, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed.

“HUGE breakthrough today! Historic Peace Agreement between our two GREAT friends, Israel and the United Arab Emirates,” Trump wrote on Twitter.

In the Oval Office, Trump said discussions between the two leaders had sometimes been tense. He said similar deals are being discussed with other countries in the region. A signing ceremony including delegations from Israel and the UAE will be held at the White House in the coming weeks, Trump added.

“Everybody said this would be impossible,” Trump said. “After 49 years, Israel and the United Arab Emirates will fully normalise their diplomatic relations. They exchange embassies and ambassadors and begin co-operation across the border.”

The US officials described the agreement, to be known as the Abraham Accords, as the first of its kind since Israel and Jordan signed a peace treaty in 1994. It also gives Trump a foreign-policy success as he seeks re-election on November 3.

Netanyahu, in his first comment on the deal, said on Twitter that it is “a historic day for the state of Israel”. Abu Dhabi’s crown prince said on Twitter that an agreement had been reached and that it would halt further Israeli annexation of Palestinian territories.

Delegations from Israel and the UAE will meet in the coming weeks to sign bilateral agreements regarding investment, tourism, direct flights, security, telecommunications and other issues

“During a call with President Trump and Prime Minister Netanyahu, an agreement was reached to stop further Israeli annexation of Palestinian territories. The UAE and Israel also agreed to co-operation and setting a road map towards establishing a bilateral relationship,” he wrote.

White House officials said Trump senior adviser Jared Kushner, US ambassador to Israel David Friedman and Middle East envoy Avi Berkowitz were deeply involved in negotiating the deal, as well as secretary of state Mike Pompeo and White House national security adviser Robert O’Brien.

A joint statement issued by the three nations said the three leaders had “agreed to the full normalisation of relations between Israel and the UAE”.

“This historic diplomatic breakthrough will advance peace in the Middle East region and is a testament to the bold diplomacy and vision of the three leaders and the courage of the UAE and Israel to chart a new path that will unlock the great potential in the region,” the statement said.

Brian Hook, the US state department’s lead official on Iran, said the agreement amounted to a “nightmare” for Iran in its efforts against Israel in the region.

Trump said, “This deal is a significant step towards building a more peaceful, secure and prosperous Middle East. Now that the ice has been broken, I expect more Arab and Muslim countries will follow the UAE’s lead ... and normalise relations with Israel.”

“We are already discussing this with other nations, very powerful, very good nations that want to see peace in the Middle East so you will probably see others of these,” Trump said. “Things are happening that I can’t talk about, but they’re extremely positive.”

Delegations from Israel and the UAE will meet in the coming weeks to sign bilateral agreements regarding investment, tourism, direct flights, security, telecommunications and other issues, the statement said. The two countries are expected to exchange ambassadors and embassies soon.

The statement said that as “a result of this diplomatic breakthrough and at the request of President Trump with the support of the UAE, Israel will suspend declaring sovereignty” over areas of the West Bank that were envisioned in the US peace plan unveiled by Trump in January.

The agreement envisions giving Muslims greater access to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Old City of Jerusalem by allowing them to fly from Abu Dhabi to Tel Aviv, White House officials said.

The joint statement said the UAE and Israel will immediately expand and accelerate co-operation regarding the treatment of and the development of a vaccine for the coronavirus amid the pandemic.

Reuters

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